All about railways in Indonesia (beware of HD pics)

And another history-related post:

Recently I found a video of instrumental version of Staatsspoorwegen Marsch (ID : Mars Staatsspoorwegen) played by Indonesian rail fan, with the original version was made to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Staatsspoorwegen a.k.a SS in 1925. As the norm for many rail fans in Indonesia, the creator of that video used the classical photo of SS1203 (DD5003) to illustrate the heyday of SS.

Unfortunately SS1203 was able to run under its own power for a relatively short period, as it was later permanently put into storage due to technical problems (cylinder backpressure, frame cracks etc) along with other 7 units of 1st batches of SS1200 series (they were renumbered by the invading Japanese in 1942 as DD50, but merely for administration purposes). On the other hand, SS1209 and later units (including SS1250 a.k.a DD52) received special treatments for solving the same problem, making them usable up to 1960s (SS1209 - SS1220 a.k.a DD5101 - DD5112) and early 1970s (SS1251 - SS1260 a.k.a DD5201 - DD5210).
Cipari water tower before our visit


Wasn't looking so bad, but quite spooky if we didn't do something to it. So we decided to cosmetically restore it.

Other preservation projects this year:


Cosmetic restoration of B1304 steam engine in Cirebon


Cosmetic restoration of Dutch 1914 tank car KR 7, which last used in 1998, in Bogor


Cosmetic restoration of water funnel in ex-Pandeglang station, which located in abandoned Rangkasbitung-Labuan line in Banten


Cosmetic restoration of GE UM106T r/n CC20015, one of three remaining CC200s in Indonesia, in Ambarawa. Indonesian Railway really wants to bring this locomotive back to excursion service, but it's quite expensive to do so.



Cosmetic restoration of water tower and water funnel in Karangsari Station, near Purwokerto

CC201 139R (CC201 04 02) and CC201 140R (CC201 04 03) were recently returned from Kertapati locomotive depot to Java, as seen in the following photo :



(both photos were uploaded by Sandy Adhysa on Twitter)

While these locomotives already painted back into Perumka-style red and blue color by Lahat Works sometimes after they were moved from Java in 2014, no clear information is still available for decision whether these locomotive would stay in that color or repainted into the standard white color. One interesting thing about those locomotives is that these locomotive kept its original Wabco AA-2 air horn and Yogyakarta Works-style exterior look, even after they underwent extensive overhaul at Lahat Works (CC201 139R itself had its overhaul completed on April 16th, 2021).
Love this one.

Many people thought that CC200 (GE UM106T) looks much better in its original cream and green with its famous "winged wheel emblem", though CC200 itself was plagued with its unreliable Alco 12-244E, causing these locomotives to be displaced by the more reliable CC201 and BB203 (as well as other types of diesel locomotives purchased by DKA, then PNKA, and later PJKA).

Even some people said that "if CC200 had 7FDL-8 installed to replace its useless 12-244E, the story would be different". :eek:

Recently the official YouTube channel of Indonesian Railways uploaded a documentary movie of 51 minute length that described how Indonesian Railways made a huge revolution from seriously problematic state-owned railway company into a railway company that steadily improving its professionality and quality in just 10 years. As it is a real-life documentary movie, everyone introduced in the movie are employees and passengers, and some rail fans were also made their cameo appearance in this movie. And even Mr. Didiek Hartantyo (the current CEO of Indonesian Railways) also appears in this movie, where he described that "a leader is the one that serves people, not served by people".

One interesting thing about Mr. Didiek himself is the fact where he said that his late father served as station master in Semarang during his career in Indonesian Railways more than 30 years ago. :)
A new update from Indonesian (especially Trainz-related project) :


(original screenshot by Patrick Lesmana)

While this is screenshot from Trainz 2019, actually I put this one here as part of introducing a project started by one of my fellow friend (Patrick Lesmana) for creating faithful recreation of pre-modernization (but already electrified) version of Jakarta (Batavia) - Bogor (Buitenzorg) railway line. As shown in the above screenshot, the overhead line catenary pylons, trackwork etc were created according to old photographs of Bogor station, even including the manually operated switchstands that is synonym with sidings or lightly used branch lines (and yes, Indonesian Railways still uses the same design of manual switchstands for sidings, even after signals and turnouts were replaced by electrically-operated ones). ;)

It must be noted that in real life the line to Bogor was partially double-tracked between Manggarai and Depok in 1980s, with the remaining section to Bogor was double-tracked in late 1990s after a fatal head-on crash located north of former Pondok Terong halt (possibly closed in 1996) that occurred in November 2nd, 1993.
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This will be a fun project to follow. Please post more updates as time goes on.
EDIT: Outstanding job on the catenary!
Patrick Lesmana himself is known here as "kurotrick", but for some reason he hasn't been active in this forum in recent times. Hopefully I could help him to post the update through this thread (as it is also related to the prototypical side of railways in Indonesia). ;)

And speaking about real side of Indonesian Railways :


(original photographer and date is still unknown, part of Mr. Aryo Wibowo's collection)

This pre-independence photograph shows NIS 203 (Backer & Rueb, 1896) performs switching duties at the Lempuyangan oil terminal in Yogyakarta, then owned by Bataafsche Petroleum Maatschappij or BPM (legally identified as the predecessor of today's Pertamina). According to my father who was a citizen of Yogyakarta until he graduated from Civil Engineering department of Gadjahmada University in mid-1980s, each day there were some steam locomotives that switches loaded tank cars to this oil terminal, and exchanged it with empties. Unfortunately the oil terminal was closed (possibly in 1990s), as it was replaced by larger oil terminal at Rewulu (located to the west of Yogyakarta city) constructed by Pertamina, with the oil tanks and siding from Lempuyangan station were dismantled and became an empty land (now partially occupied by a gas station, also owned by Pertamina).

Recently a channel named "Great Railways" uploaded HD version of "Indonesia Wheels Of Fire", which is part of "Nick Lera's World Steam Classics" series. While the narration is provided in Dutch language (as opposed to the original version with English narration), the title was also changed into "Indonesië, het laatste stoomparadijs", literally translated as "Indonesia, the last paradise of steam locomotive" (if translated in Indonesian it would be "Indonesia, surga terakhir lokomotif uap" ;)).

One thing that I liked from this film is that it featured already-extinct steam locomotives like DD52 (SS1250) and CC10 (SS520), as well as the ill-fated C32 (former Japanese Government Railways C12) and Nippon Sharyo-built version of 2nd batch of E10 locomotives (which were E1061 to E1067) that were cut up due to dieselization. And it also featured B2505 (NIS235), which was later cut up by employees of Ambarawa locomotive depot to repair B2503 (NIS233) that was unable to operate sometimes after the closure of Ambarawa Line in 1976 due to internal damages like steam pipe leakage, boiler malfunction, etc.

Another interesting part is the presence of now-abandoned lines in this film, which are Surabaya steam tram network, the Garut to Cikajang section of Cikajang Line (the section from Cibatu to Garut has been reopened one year ago), section of Sawahlunto Mainline past Kayu Tanam station, the Payakumbuh Line, and Ponorogo Line. :)


A bit information : steam locomotives operated by the then PJKA (Perusahaan Jawatan Kereta Api) that burns oil were idenfied with red-colored plate, as opposed to coal or firewood-burning units that uses ordinary black-colored plate. This regulation was completely abandoned after the total abolition of steam locomotives in 1980s.
Once again reviving this thread for everyone who has interest to railways in Indonesia, this time having Trainz-related theme.

Mr. Patrick Lesmana recently finished his TRS19 and TRS22-oriented ESS3200 series electric locomotive, complete with PBR texture and realistic driver cab asset, as shown in the following photos :

[1] 1st batch version in "as delivered" dark brown color. Note that this is the real ESS3201, which was destroyed after suffering head-on collision with a BB201 diesel locomotive (EMD G12) in the 1968 Ratujaya Train Crash, caused by damaged interlocking cables due to lack of funding for proper maintenance and negligence of dispatchers of Depok and Citayam stations to prevent the collision.


[2] 1st batch unit in the later blue color, based on text reference found in the old newspaper archive that dates back from 1934. Note that the number plate, ESS name plate and builder plate was painted in red with gold letters, and the wheels were also painted red.


[3] 2nd batch unit in the post-independence cyan color, although I would say that the base color is closer to white than the cyan itself (since there is no clear explanation whether the cyan itself refers to base color, or referring to the narrow stripe applied to the body). Note that while the vacuum brake hose is present in the model, PNKA (later form of DKA, before the restructurisation into PJKA) had already stopped the usage of vacuum brake on mainline trains in 1960s due to introduction of rolling stock with safer air brake mechanism like CW-9000 (K3-64500) etc.


And here is the render of the driver cab, although the author said somewhere in Facebook that it is possibly inaccurate on some parts, due to very few photograph reference of ESS3200's driver cab in the original condition :


And here is the screenshot of what it would like in the game, of course set in the period when ESS a.k.a Elektrische Staatsspoorwegen was still exist :



(the left one is actually 2nd batch unit, but for some reason the number plate is still "3201", not "3203" and later (2nd batch units comprises 3203 to 3206, whereas 1st batch units are 3201 and 3202 only).

Anyway, I hope more historical side of railways in Indonesia could be covered in Trainz Simulator, as many historic rolling stocks were already extinct in real life due to situation that is too difficult to explain here. :(
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:eek::eek::eek: I can't guess it's not real photos !!
These models are so beautiful !!!
Kudos for their creator !


:eek::eek::eek: I can't guess it's not real photos !!
These models are so beautiful !!!
Kudos for their creator !



Well, Indonesian creators tends to repeatedly making new models as part of challenge to create very realistic thing in Trainz. :hehe:

Anyway, speaking about the real locomotive : when ESS3202 (that masquerades as ESS3201) was restored into operable condition back in early 2010s, Manggarai Works had to install air compressor (which is taken from the already scrapped Japanese-built KL3-76 series EMU "Rheostatik") to transform this locomotive into air brake-enabled ones, as ESS3200 series electric locomotives were originally built with vacuum brake (which became obsolete in 1960s and later period, due to the arrival of air brake-fitted locomotives and rolling stocks ordered by Indonesian Railways for replacing older fleet inherited from Dutch East Indies companies). ;)
.. thankz a lot, arya, for making available ..

purchased, downloaded and installed :
- easy and quick
- stunning appearance
- impressive guide (pdf in download)
- very well cared for ..

.. terima kasih banyak, kurotrick ..

trs 22 - build 119450 : 1 error (and 13 warnings) in all trains :
- VE221: <kuid:811766:492023> is faulty and will not be loaded.

<kuid:811766:492023> ESS 3200 CabInterior = faulty :
- VE170: Failed to open compiled texture 'wd_windowlr_normal.texture' for 'arc:fld:$(local)/hash-E9||kuid 811766 492023.tzarc|'
- VE36: The texture 'cabmain_kabeldanlampu_parameter.png' failed to load.
- VE36: The texture 'wd_windowlr_normal.png' failed to load.
... both .png are present when opened in explorer ...

.. so, i deleted cabinterior and reinstalled it by dragging the map interior (from downloadmap) again into contentmanager ..
after a database rebuild everything was ok : no errors ..
This is a wonderful Thread on Indonesian Railroads and Historical items noted here.

Thank you so much for sharing with us. :p

I need to check my Routes too see if I in fact do have have some Indonesian ones, and then I can purchase the newly released Locomotive item ESS3200 by "kurotrick" per MSG #218 further down. :wave:



For everyone who has interest on purchasing Trainz version of ESS3200 created by Mr. Patrick (under his "kurotrick" username in Trainz), you can grab them below here :



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